American Ethnologist - Culture, state, and security in Europe: The Case of citizenship and integration policy in Estonia

Gregory Feldman
American Ethnologist. November 2005, Vol. 32, No. 4, pp. 676-694
Eesti, kodakondsus, riiklik integratsiooniprogramm, kultuur
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In this article, author examines how a territorial imaginary conflating culture, territory, nation, and security allows “elites of statecraft” in Europe to frame citizenship and integration policy as (inter)national security matters. Focusing on post-Soviet Estonia, author argues that this imaginary legitimized the denial of citizenship to Soviet-era Russian speakers and enabled the government's integration policy objective of creating the “Estonian cultural domain.” Drawing on historical, archival, and ethnographic research, he demonstrates how the invocation of national security justified these events and how the territorial imaginary structured the making of integration policy from the 1991 reestablishment of independence to E.U. accession in 2004.